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Painting your house can be fun, especially when you know how to go about it. Thus, you shouldn’t endure boring walls just because you dread the entire process of applying a new coat.

In real sense painting the walls is a less costly way of enhancing the appearance of your home. The shade you use changes the interior design and the mood of your home.

The article will provide you with a few things that you should know about house painting.

Exterior house painting done with white and beige paint

Why it’s Important to Understand the Basics?

Homeowners apply a fresh coat of paint on the walls and ceilings of their homes regularly. However, most people don’t understand the paint they buy from the retailers, no matter the number of years they have been using it.

Some don’t know how much paint they need nor the best quality. They don’t understand why one-litre paint is priced at $17 while another at $45, yet they are of the same shade. You may base your decision purely on the price due to a lack of adequate information.

Factors That You Need To Know

Other factors that you need to know are the latex paint, oil-based paint, and primer. This post tells you about the types of paints, where they can be applied, and the right sheen.

Paint is a mixture of ingredients such as pigments, solvents, resins, and additives. Pigment refers to the colour, while the solvent is the carrier that liquidizes the mixture and evaporates as the coat dries. Resin is the glue or binder, while the additives offer performance characteristics like mould-killing and stain-blocking.

The reason why you shouldn’t buy cheap paint is that it has more solvents per volume as compared to better paint. That means that a gallon of cheap paint has 50% less resin and pigment but more solvent, which is made up of mineral spirits and water. Therefore, when you paint your home with cheap paint, you’re applying a coat of solvent which evaporates as the paint dries, leaving behind a layer of little pigment.

As a result, you have to apply up to 4 layers of the coat to leave enough pigment underneath something you can achieve with one layer of expensive high-quality paint. Thus, buy superior paint that you can afford to avoid repainting soon, which makes house painting to become a dreaded project. The best paint should have 45% resin and pigment per volume.

Categories of House Paints

Modern house exterior painting job done with blue paint finishes

Paints are classified as either water or oil-based. Water-based has water as the solvent. They are also called latex even if they don’t contain any latex; instead, they are made with acrylic.

The oil-based paint doesn’t contain oil, unlike its name suggests; instead, it has alkyd resin or mineral spirits, also known as paint thinner. While water is used to thin latex paints, mineral spirits are used to thin alkyd.

Therefore, remember to use terms like latex paint for water-based paints and alkyd for oil-based paint when shopping for your house painting applications.

Advantages of Latex or Water-Based Paint

Latex paints are used in most painting projects in the house because of the following reasons.

  • It’s easy to clean latex paint with water and soap.
  • Offer excellent performance to your house painting.
  • They emit fewer volatile organic compounds (VOCs), thus environmentally friendly.
  • They dry very quickly.
  • The paint can keep mildew and moisture away.
  • It has a wide range of sheens and colours.

Therefore, you can invest in latex paint for the entire house painting project because it’s ideal for exteriors, the interior walls, and woodwork.

Advantages of Alkyd Paint or Oil-Based Paint

Alkyd paint is used in most house painting applications. For many years these paints were used in wet areas such as the bathrooms because they have a higher sheen, comfortable to scrub, and more durable than earlier latex paints. However, today latex paints have outperformed the alkyd paint. Alkyd paint takes time to dry; thus, they don’t show brush strokes.

These paints have a considerable downside which includes

  • They contain more VOCs thus odour-intensive
  • They are costly
  • Cleanups are done with a chemical solvent such as paint thinner or mineral spirits.

Paint Sheen

It refers to the shiny appearance a paint has when it dries. It’s a pivotal factor to consider when buying paint.

The following are the basic sheens.


It’s applied on doors, trim, and cabinets because it’s highly washable and sturdy. The surface has a high light reflection, which makes minute individual elements to be visible.


The paint is used in specific house painting applications like laundry rooms, bathrooms, and kitchens. These are areas that require a glossier paint that offers high moisture-resistance and high washability. You can also apply satin or eggshell paint on these areas so long as you keep the surfaces dry.


It has a moderate amount of sheen, can hide imperfections to a certain degree, and the surface has relatively little glare. The paint is reasonably washable, making it a common choice for all living area walls except in the bathrooms and kitchens. Satin sheen is similar to eggshell, although it has a slightly higher glossiness. Thus, most retailers will give you eggshell in place of satin while others will offer both.


It has the least amount of sheen; however, it’s the best paint for hiding imperfections, and the surface has a minimal glare. The paint is only used on the ceilings because it’s not washable, for it comes out with the damp sponge.

Final Word

As stated above, there is a lot you need to understand about house painting applications. The information is vital because it affects the outcome of painting your home. On the other hand, you will not need to master all this information. Instead, you can work with the Townsville Directory, which is a team of experts. The professionals have broad experience in both residential and commercial fields. They will be glad to guide you throughout your home painting project.

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